Two sketchbooks belonging to Edwin Harris (1806-1895) survive in family collections and present a record of the artist’s rendition of scenes and figures around Nelson in the 1870s and 1880s. Each book has been extensively used and contains pencil and watercolour sketches made as Edwin moved about his environs. He studied rivers and hills; farms and orchards; trees and foliage; harbour, lighthouse and seashore; clouds and light effects; an eclipse, a rainbow and a comet; churches, gravestones, streets and bridges: schools and houses; sailing boats, dinghies and a paddle-steamer; carts and carriages. His eye for detail is keen and many drawings have notes on colour or a perspective grid of pencil lines. Sometimes more than one drawing appears on a single page and sometimes a panorama is spread across a double opening. Edwin worked in his sketchbooks whichever way he opened them, landscape and portrait orientations often upside down in relation to the surrounding pages. Where practical, we have turned and photographed the sketchbooks to give a viewing experience with a more consistent orientation. When drawings of different orientation appear side by side on the same page we can see the consequences of Edwin turning his sketchbook around: a house floats in the sky and trees grow sideways in mid-air.
The drawings are densely populated with figures going about their daily lives. Women walk, read or sketch; men row boats, fish or swim; children appear with mothers, aunts or sisters and everyone frequents the waterfront. There are cows, horses, ducks and swans; a bird flies past a windmill and once a chicken hops about the page near fishing nets drying on a fence. Edwin’s subjects are domestic and full of life as it was lived in colonial Nelson after the Harris family’s relocation there in 1861. Sometimes an annotation or a date on a sketch connects with local events, as when the drawing of a sailor at the wheel of the SS Taranaki surrounded by passengers can be linked to a holiday excursion to Croisilles Harbour at Christmas 1870. And a sketch dated 10 October 1882 is the artist’s personal record of the great daylight comet observed in New Zealand skies in that year.
Edwin’s drawings also supply context for his daughter Emily’s diary observations from the 1880s. Thus, it is that we have Edwin’s sketch of a solar eclipse in September 1885 and Emily’s description of the family’s early morning expedition to observe it. Edwin sketches the grounds of the Belgrove estate and Emily’s diary reveals that her sister Frances and Edwin went by excursion train to Belgrove on Easter Monday 1886 while she stayed at home to put up a shelf in the dining room.
Some of Edwin’s sketches are preliminary studies for works now in the Nelson Provincial Museum. A pencil drawing entitled ‘Nile Street, Trafalgar Square, Nelson’ on pages 49 and 50 of the Cranstone sketchbook is the origin of the watercolour ‘Nile Street East, Trafalgar Square Nelson, New Zealand 1876.’ There are also three studies of Maitai hop fields in the sketchbooks, consisting of two watercolours and one pencil sketch (Briant 29-30, 35-36 and Cranstone 5-6) which resemble Edwin’s earlier painting ‘Hop picking in the Maitai’, circa 1867, showing his long-running interest in those landscapes. By comparing the sketchbooks with existing paintings, we hope to bring Edwin Harris’s Nelson career into focus as part of our interest in the Harris family art-making. Here is a list of works from the Bett Loan Collection at the Nelson Provincial Museum, some of which can be viewed online:
- Photographic print [Sketch of Middle Brook St] Edwin Harris. AC509
- Photographic print [Trafalgar Street, 1861]. Edwin Harris. AC555
- Photographic print [Port Nelson wharf]. Edwin Harris. AC582
- [The Albion Wharf, Nelson]. Edwin Harris. AC808
- Sketch of A. Fell’s house. Edwin Harris. AC810
- Nelson Jubilee Celebration, 4 June 1887. Edwin Harris. AC817
- Nile Street East, Trafalgar Square Nelson, New Zealand 1876. Edwin Harris. AC831 (Compare the sketchbook version)
- Site of Campbell’s Mill, March 18th 1887. Edwin Harris. AC841
- [Tree lined street scene]. Edwin Harris. AC842
- [Panorama from the Wood looking north]. Edwin Harris. AC846
- Hop picking in the Maitai. circa 1867. Edwin Harris. AC955
The following hand-painted certificates by Edwin and Emily Harris at NPM include Nelson views and buildings:
- Certificate for members of the No. 1 Company of the Rifle Volunteers of the city of Nelson, NZ, presentation to Sgt Major Alborough, 1861. Edwin Harris. No accession number available.
- Four hand-painted certificates from the Nelson Horticultural and Industrial Exhibition, 1873. Edwin and Emily Harris. A895.1-4
Sketchbook 1. Collection of Godfrey JW and Judith Briant, Marton
Windsor & Newton landscape notebook. 255 x 1850mm. 37 leaves, four are blue-green paper (probably originally 40). Brown cloth cover, leather spine; leather originally black but now greenish. Dated sketches Christmas 1870 and 6 April. Named locations Maitai River and Richmond Church. Named ship SS Taranaki. Named plant Pukatia Tree.
Sketchbook 2. Collection of Rosanne Cranstone, Whanganui.
Landscape notebook. 140 x 235mm. 36 leaves (probably originally 40). Worn buckram cover with leather spine. Dated sketches 12 Sept 1874, 10 Oct 1882, [April] 1885, April 1886, 6 July 18??. Named locations Charles William Manby gravestone in Wakapuaka Cemetery, Bell Grove, Bishop’s School, Fire Brigade, Tramway. Named ships HMS Blanche and HMS Adamant. Named plants Auster rose climbing up a fern tree, sword tree, Cabbage or Ti Tree [Ti kōuka].
We are grateful to Roseanne Cranstone and Godfrey JW and Judith Briant for making Edwin Harris’s sketchbooks available for research and online publication.
Michele Leggott, Makyla Curtis, Betty Davis and Brianna Vincent